专有名词有两个明显的特征:它们命名特定的某一种事物，无论在句子的哪个位置出现，它们都以大写字母开头。在这里，我们将进一步了解专有名词，提供专有名词的例子，并帮助您学习如何正确使用专有名词。Proper nouns have two distinct features: They name specific one-of-a-kind items, and they begin with capital letters, no matter where they occur within a sentence. Here, we’ll take a closer look at proper nouns, provide proper noun examples, and help you learn how to use a proper noun the right way.
记住，所有的名词都是用来命名人、动物、地点、事物和思想的词。每个名词都可以进一步分为普通名词和专有名词。一旦你看了一些例子，并想出一些你自己的例子，区别就很简单了。Remember that all nouns are words naming people, animals, places, things, and ideas. Every noun can be further classified as either common or proper. The distinction is very easy to make once you see some examples and come up with a few of your own.
在下列句子中，专有名词的例句与普通名词作了比较。请注意，专有名词是特定的和独特的，而普通名词在本质上要普遍得多。[rml_read_more]In the following sentences, proper noun examples are compared with common nouns. Notice that the proper nouns are specific and unique, while the common nouns are much more general in nature.
- Common noun: I want to be a writer.Proper noun: Agatha Christie wrote many books.
- Common noun: I’d like to adopt a cat.Proper noun: Cleopatra is the cutest kitten ever.
- Common noun: Would you like a cookie?Proper noun: I’m craving Oreos.
- Common noun: Let’s go to the city.Proper noun: Let’s go to San Francisco.
- Common noun: My teacher starts work before sunup.Proper noun: Mr. Bell seems to understand what students need.
- Common noun: I think that’s a planet, not a star.Proper noun: I can see Jupiter tonight.
- Common noun: He’s always hanging out with his girlfriend.Proper noun: He never goes anywhere without Sarah.
- Common noun: There are a lot of important documents in the archives.Proper noun: There are many important documents at The Library of Congress.
只要知道专有名词是什么，使用起来就很容易。”只要把它们像普通名词一样放在句子中，确保大写。下面是一些帮助你开始的例子。It’s easy to use proper nouns, once you know what they are. Simply place them in your sentences as you would common nouns, ensuring that you capitalize them. Here are some examples to help you get started.
- Brett had hoped for an easy teacher for his algebra class, but he got Ms. Boggs, whose unreasonable demands and short temper made the semester unbearable.→ Teacher is a common noun. Ms. Boggs is a proper noun.
- Gloria had a craving, and not just any cookie would do. She went to the store and bought a box of Oreos.→ Cookie is a common noun. Oreos is a proper noun.
- We wanted to try a new restaurant, so we went to Taste of Thai.→ Restaurant is a common noun. Taste of Thai is a proper noun.