Grade 9 Unit 5 Topic 1 Section D

The home of tea, which has more than 4 000 years of history, is China. People throughout China drink tea daily. Of the three major drinks — tea, ‘kg k J coffee and cocoa, tea is drunk by the largest number of people in the world. Tea from China, along with silk and porcelain, began to be known by the world over a thousand years ago and has been an important Chinese export since then.
The words for “tea” in different languages came from the Chinese character, “cha”.
The English word, “tea”, sounds similar to the pronunciation of it in Xiamen, Fujian Province. The Russians call it “cha’i”, which sounds like “chaye” (tea leaves) as it is pronounced in northern China. The Japanese character for “tea” is written exactly the same as it is in Chinese, though it is pronounced a little differently.
Tea leaves are produced mainly in the south of China because of the mild climate and rich soil there. Longjing, P u ’er, Wulong and Tieguanyin are all famous teas. They’re produced in the provinces of Zhejiang, Yunnan and Fujian.
Over the past centuries, Chinese people have developed their unique tea culture, including tea planting, tea-leaf picking, tea making and tea drinking. Tea is also a popular topic in dances, songs, poems and novels.

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