英 [dʒɔɪn] 美 [dʒɔɪn]
过去式: joined 过去分词: joined 现在分词: joining 第三人称单数: joins
join 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:48
v. joins 2 joining 2 joined 18
I asked if I might join him.
The Winners Club is a great choice for teenagers. And it is so easy to join.
He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club.
The Pacific Northwest is one of the world’s best areas for beachcombing (海滩搜寻) because winds and currents join here.
join作“参加”解时,可用作及物动词。这有两类情况:一类是只接宾语,接sb 是“参加…一起”的意思,接sth 则意为加入某组织成为其成员或加入某活动; 第二类是接宾语sb 后再接in引起的介词短语,意为“与…一起从事某活动”。另外, join用作及物动词时还可表示“使结合”“使联合”,这时多以宾语sb 为第一客体,而以with或to引出第二客体。join作“参加”解时,还可用作不及物动词,主要和介词in连用表示“参加的活动”。in后可接名词,也可接动名词,还可同时接with sb 表示“与…一起做某事”。
join, combine, connect, unite
1.connect指两个不同的、分离着的事物在某一点上相互接触(可依靠媒介物),但各自仍保持原有的特性及独立性; combine指两个或多个东西“搅拌”“渗透”或“混合”,合而为一,但已失去原有的特性; unite意思是“联合”“结合”“合并”,指把两件以上同种类的东西紧密地结合在一起,重新组成一个整体,使其合而为一,也可用于无形事物的结合; join意为“联合”“联结”,指使两个分开的东西联结起来或把一个东西加入到另一个里面去,使它们合在一起,但个体形象仍然存在。例如:
Africa is connected with Asia at the spot where the Suez Canal was dug.非洲在开凿苏伊士运河的地方与亚洲相连。
She combined some sugar, flour and butter to make some cookies.她把白糖、面粉和黄油和在一起做小甜饼。
Let us unite to fight poverty and disease.让我们同心协力与贫穷和疾病作斗争。
They danced and danced until a lot of us joined in.他们不停地跳着舞,直到我们中间许多人都参加了进去。
Let us combine our two firms against our competitors.让我们两家公司联合起来,对付和我们竞争的那些公司。
The radio will not work unless you connect these two wires together.除非你把这两根线接上,否则收音机就不会响。
Make sure the machine is connected properly.务必核实这台机器是否确已接通电源。
The first stage of the operation was to join up the bones.手术的第一步是把骨头接上。
join, attend, participate, take part in
He never attended a funeral.他从不参加丧礼。
I’ll try to follow your advice about participating in students’ activities.我尽量遵照你的劝告,参加学生的活动。
take part in指参加一项工作,在其中分担一部分,也指参加活动并积极工作。例如:
I’m not going to take part in arguments.我不打算参加辩论。
join in, take part in
1.参加人(即主语)的身份不一样:take part in指以主办人或发起人的身份参加某项活动,而join in则是以成员身份参加。
2.在活动中起的地位不一样:take part in强调“发挥作用”,做主角,而join in则含有“平等”的意味。
3.这两个词在搭配范围上也有差别:“参加工作、会议”自然要在其中发挥作用,要以主人翁姿态,所以一般用take part in; 而“参加比赛、讨论”,作为“普通参加者”参加,就要用join in了。
attend，join，participate，take part in
take part in侧重参加某项群众性、集体性的事业、工作或活动，突出参加者在其中发挥一定的作用。
join，join in，join to
误 He’s joined the army for two years.
正 He joined the army two years ago.
正 It is two years since he joined the army.
正 He’s been in the army for two years.
误 We joined in the country club.
正 We joined the country club.
析 说“加入党派、团体、学会等组织”用join,不用join in; 说“加入游戏、讨论等活动”用join in,不用join。
误 They are going to build a bridge to join the island with the mainland.
正 They are going to build a bridge to join the island to the mainland.
误 The clients wrote to us one after another to join the Guangzhou Fair.
正 The clients wrote to us one after another to attend the Guangzhou Fair.
误 When he heard his classmates singing, he went over and took part in.
正 When he heard his classmates singing, he went over and joined in.
析 短语take part in中的in是介词, in后须接宾语,故不可置于句末。而join in中的in可以是介词,也可以是副词,作副词时可以置于句末。
误 Will you join her in the game together?
正 Will you join her in the game?
1. ~ A to B | ~ A and B (together / up) to fix or connect two or more things together
▪ [VN] Join one section of pipe to the next.
Join the two sections of pipe together.
The island is joined to the mainland by a bridge.
Draw a line joining (up) all the crosses.
▪ [V] How do these two pieces join?
BECOME ONE 合二为一
2. if two things or groups join, or if one thing or group joins another, they come together to form one thing or group
▪ [V] the place where the two paths join
▪ [VN] The path joins the road near the trees.
CLUB / COMPANY 俱乐部；公司
3. to become a member of an organization, a company, a club, etc.
▪ [VN] I’ve joined an aerobics class.
She joined the company three months ago.
(figurative) to join the ranks of the unemployed
▪ [V] It costs £20 to join.
需交 20 英镑才可参加。
DO STH WITH SB ELSE 参与
4. [VN] to take part in sth that sb else is doing or to go somewhere with them
Will you join us for lunch?
Do you mind if I join you?
Over 200 members of staff joined the strike.
Members of the public joined the search for the missing boy.
I’m sure you’ll all join me in wishing Ted and Laura a very happy marriage.
TRAIN / PLANE 火车；飞机
5. [VN] (BrE) if you join a train, plane, etc. you get on it
ROAD / PATH / LINE 道路；小径；行列
6. [VN] if you join a road or a line of people, you start to travel along it, or move into it
▪ join ‘battle (with sb) (formal) to begin fighting sb
Local residents have joined battle with the council over the lack of parking facilities.
▪ join the ‘club
(informal) used when sth bad that has happened to sb else has also happened to you
So you didn’t get a job either? Join the club!
▪ join ‘hands (with sb)
1. if two people join hands, they hold each other’s hands
2. to work together in doing sth
Education has been reluctant to join hands with business.
⇨ more at beat v., force n.
▪ join ‘in (sth / doing sth) | 7join ‘in (with sb / sth)
to take part in an activity with other people
She listens but she never joins in.
I wish he would join in with the other children.
▪ join ‘up (BrE)
to become a member of the armed forces
▪ join ‘up (with sb)
to combine with sb else to do sth
We’ll join up with the other groups later.
CONNECTION 连接 a place where two things are fixed together
The two pieces were stuck together so well that you could hardly see the join.
1 GROUP/ORGANIZATION 团体/组织 [transitive] to become a member of an organization, society, or group 成为…的一员，加入，加盟
When did you join the Labour Party?
I decided to join the army.
You can enjoy a sport without joining a club or belonging to a team.
2 ACTIVITY 活动 [transitive] to begin to take part in an activity that other people are involved in 参与，加入〔某项活动〕
Many sacrificed their weekend to join the hunt for the missing girl.
the benefits of joining our pension scheme
Church leaders have joined the campaign to end foxhunting.
3 GO TO SB 去某人那里 [transitive] to go somewhere in order to be with someone or do something with them 加入，和…一道
She joined her aunt in the sitting room.
The immigrants were soon joined by their wives and children.
Don’t say ‘join with’ someone. Join is always followed by an object in this sense: I’ll join you later.
不要说join with 某人，用于此义时join 后总是直接跟宾语: I’ll join you later. 我稍后会加入你们。
4 DO STH TOGETHER 一起做某事 [intransitive, transitive] to do something together with someone else, or as a group 参与，加入
join somebody for something
I invited them to join us for a glass of wine.
join (with) somebody in doing something
I’m sure you’ll all join me in thanking today’s speaker.
join (with) somebody to do something
Parents have joined with health experts to produce a video for bereaved families.
Three police forces have joined together to buy a helicopter.
5 CONNECT 连接
a) [transitive] to connect or fasten things together 连接，接合；联结
Join the two pieces of wood with strong glue.
join something to something
The island is joined to the mainland by a causeway.
b) [intransitive, transitive] if two roads, rivers etc join, they come together and become connected at a particular point 〔道路、河流等〕结合，汇合；汇入
Finally, we arrived at Dartmouth, where the River Dart joins the sea.
the point where the two roads join
6 join a queue British English, join a line American English to go and stand at the end of a line of people 排入队伍
He went in and joined the queue for the toilets.
7 join hands if people join hands, they hold each other’s hands 手拉手
They joined hands and danced round and round.
8 join the club spoken used to say that you and a lot of other people are in the same situation 彼此彼此〔指你和其他许多人的境况一样〕
9. join battle formal to begin fighting 开始交战
10. be joined in marriage/holy matrimony formal to be married 结婚，结成夫妇
11. be joined at the hip informal if two people are joined at the hip, they are always together and are very friendly – often used to show disapproval 〔两个人要好得〕形影不离〔常含贬义〕
12 join in (something) phrasal verb to take part in something that a group of people are doing or that someone else does 参加〔活动〕；加入进来
13 join up phrasal verb
14 join up with somebody/something phrasal verb to combine with or meet other people in order to do something 与〔某人〕结伙〔干某事〕，联合→ join/combine forces at force1(9), → if you can’t beat ’em, join ’em at beat1(23)
join2 noun [countable] 1 a place where two parts of an object are connected or fastened together 〔两个物体的〕连接处
It’s been glued back together so well you can hardly see the join.
Origin join (1200-1300) Old French joindre, from Latin jungere
1.VERB 动词（人或交通工具）加入…之中，与…一道去，与…会合 If one person or vehicle joins another, they move or go to the same place, for example so that both of them can do something together.
His wife and children moved to join him in their new home…
The two policemen were joined by another policeman also carrying a pistol.
2.VERB 动词加入（组织或机构）；成为…的一员；参加 If you join an organization, you become a member of it or start work as an employee of it.
He joined the Army five years ago…
She joined a dance company which took her around the world.
3.VERB 动词参与（活动） If you join an activity that other people are doing, you take part in it or become involved with it.
【语法信息】：V n in n/-ing
【语法信息】：V in -ing
Telephone operators joined the strike and four million engineering workers are also planning action…
The pastor requested the women present to join him in prayer…
Private contractors joined in condemning the Government’s stance.
4.VERB 动词加入（队伍）；排（队） If you join a queue, you stand at the end of it so that you are part of it.
Make sure you join the queue inside the bank.
5.VERB 动词连接；接合 To join two things means to fix or fasten them together.
【语法信息】：V n prep/adv
The opened link is used to join the two ends of the chain.
…the conjunctiva, the skin which joins the eye to the lid.
…two springs that are joined together by a string.
6.VERB 动词（线、小路等）连接，贯通 If something such as a line or path joins two things, it connects them.
It has a dormer roof joining both gable ends…
The car parks are joined by a footpath.
…a global highway of cables joining all the continents together.
7.V-RECIP 相互动词（道路或河流）会合，汇合，交汇 If two roads or rivers join, they meet or come together at a particular point.
Do you know the highway to Tulsa? The airport road joins it.
…Allahabad, where the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers join.
8.N-COUNT 可数名词连接处；接合点；接头；接缝 A join is a place where two things are fastened or fixed together.
9. join forces→see: force; to join the ranks→see: rank;
join in join up
joins; joined; joining
a [+ object] : to put or bring (two or more things) together接合；连接
She joined [=fastened] the blocks of wood (together) with glue.
: to connect (two or more things)连接
The islands are joined by a bridge.
b : to come together with (something)结合；联合；汇合
[+ object] where the river joins the sea [=where the river flows into the sea] 河流入海处
The roads/rivers join [=meet] each other near here.
[no object] the place where two roads/rivers join (together)
Atoms join (together) to make molecules.
— often + up
The two paths eventually join up (with each other).
a [+ object] : to go somewhere in order to be with (a person or group)与…一道；加入到…中
He insisted that I join them for lunch.
We’re going out for lunch. Would you like to join us?
May I join you?
The magician asked for a volunteer from the audience to join him on stage.
b : to do something with (a person or group)与…一起做
[+ object] Everyone here joins me in congratulating you on a job well done!
[no object] All of us join (together) in congratulating you on a job well done!
Several companies have joined (together) to support this policy.
The singer started alone but soon the whole audience joined in.
c : to become involved in or part of (something, such as an activity)参与；加入
[+ object] I joined the line and waited patiently to buy a ticket.
Hundreds of people have joined the effort to save the building from demolition.
He agreed to join the debate.
[no object] — + in
Hundreds of people have joined in the effort to save the building.
She joined in the conversation/fun.
: to become a member of (a group or organization)成为…的一员；参加；加入
[+ object] She joined the band/club.
Join the Navy and see the world!
[no object] The Navy offers great career opportunities, so join [=enlist] today!
— often + up
More than 100 people have joined up.
if you can’t beat them, join them
— see 1beat
join battle formal
: to begin fighting : to engage in battle开始交战；交战
troops joining battle against a hated enemy
— see 1force
: to hold the hand of another person拉手；挽手
The priest asked us all to join hands and bow our heads in prayer.
— often used figuratively常用作比喻
We can accomplish great things if we all join hands and work together.
join (someone) in marriage/matrimony formal
: to marry (someone)与（某人）结婚
a young couple joined in marriage
join the club
— see 1club
join the crowd
— see 2crowd
join up [phrasal verb] : to meet each other at a particular place会合；聚会
We’re planning to join up (with each other) and have a few drinks after the game.