A Short History of the Weekend

Before 1800, many people spent one day a week at church [1]at church: 在教堂;做礼拜. In England, people called it a “holy day”. On that day, they rested and prayed.

In the early 1800s [2]in the early 1800s: 在十九世纪初, Sunday was the “holy day”. However [3]however: US: [haʊˈevər]   UK: [haʊˈevə(r)]  adv. 然而;不过;无论如何;不管怎样 , many workers played games and had fun [4]have fun: 玩得开心 on that day. And then they felt too tired to work [5]too … to …: 太……而不能……. on Monday mornings. In the USA, workers called them “blue Mondays”.

To solve [6]solve: US: [sɑlv]  UK: [sɒlv]  v. 解决;处理;解答;破解 the problem of “blue Mondays”, the English made Sunday afternoon a holiday in 1874. At one o’clock, everyone stopped working [7]stop doing sth. : 停止做某事. This was the beginning of the idea of the weekend in England. By 1930  [8]by 1930 : 到1930年, most American offices were closed [9]closed: 英 [kləʊzd]美 [kloʊzd]  adj. … 继续阅读 on Saturday afternoons. By 1940, offices and factories [10]factory: US: [ˈfækt(ə)ri]  UK: [ˈfæktri]  n. 工厂;制造厂 in the USA were closed all day [11]all day: 整天 on Saturdays, and the two-day weekend began.

Word Bank

Word Bank
1 at church: 在教堂;做礼拜
2 in the early 1800s: 在十九世纪初
3 however: US: [haʊˈevər]   UK: [haʊˈevə(r)]  adv. 然而;不过;无论如何;不管怎样
4 have fun: 玩得开心
5 too … to …: 太……而不能……
6 solve: US: [sɑlv]  UK: [sɒlv]  v. 解决;处理;解答;破解
7 stop doing sth. : 停止做某事
8 by 1930 : 到1930年
9 closed: 英 [kləʊzd]美 [kloʊzd]  adj. 关着的,闭合的;闭关自守的,不愿接受新思想的;(部件、成员或答案的数量)有限定的,固定的;(商家)(尤指短时间)歇业的;
10 factory: US: [ˈfækt(ə)ri]  UK: [ˈfæktri]  n. 工厂;制造厂
11 all day: 整天