Grade 9 Unit 3 Topic 2 Section D

A. It is possible to tell [1]tell: US: [tel]   UK: [tel]   v. 告诉;说;讲述;知道;辨别 whether a person is American or British [2]British: US: [ˈbrɪtɪʃ]  UK: [‘brɪtɪʃ]  adj. (大不列颠及北爱尔兰)联合王国的;英国的;英国人的   n. 联合王国人民;(统称)英国人 by listening to his or her speech.

B. Now, English is the language spoken by most people in countries like Canada, America and Australia.

C. They also borrowed “tofu” and “kowtow [3]kowtow: US: [ˈkaʊˌtaʊ] UK: [ˌkaʊˈtaʊ]  v. 磕头;叩头;卑躬屈膝;唯命是从” from Chinese.

D. Sometimes different people use different words to mean the same thing.

English is spoken by people in many places. It began in England but spread as the British people left their country and made new homes.___

After many years, the English language began to change. The changes were mainly expressions [4]expression: US: [ɪkˈspreʃ(ə)n]  UK: [ɪk’spreʃ(ə)n]  n. 表达;表情;说法;压榨 and spellings [5]spelling: US: [ˈspelɪŋ]   UK: [‘spelɪŋ]  n. 拼写;拼法;拼写能力.______People in England say “underground” while people in America say “subway”. In America an elevator [6]elevator: US: [ˈeləˌveɪtər]  UK: [ˈeləveɪtə(r)]  n. 电梯;升降机 starts on the first floor, but in Britain it starts on the ground floor. “Colour” and “centre” are British spellings while “color” and “center” are American spellings for the same words. Pronunciation [7]pronunciation: US: [prəˌnʌnsiˈeɪʃ(ə)n]  UK: [prə.nʌnsi’eɪʃ(ə)n]   n. 发音;读音;(某人的)发音 of words and ways of speaking have changed as well [8]as well: 也;同样 ._____

The English language has also changed by borrowing words from other languages. The Americans borrowed “cent [9]cent: US: [sent]  UK: [sent]  n. 分(辅币单位,相当于许多国家主币面值的 1%,如美元或欧元的 1%)” from old French and “cookbook [10]cookbook: US: [ˈkʊkˌbʊk]  UK: [‘kʊkbʊk]  n. 食谱;菜谱” from German.___________

The English language is changing all the time [11]all the time: 始终;〔美国〕总是, but people from English-speaking countries arc still able to understand each other.

Word Bank

Word Bank
1 tell: US: [tel]   UK: [tel]   v. 告诉;说;讲述;知道;辨别
2 British: US: [ˈbrɪtɪʃ]  UK: [‘brɪtɪʃ]  adj. (大不列颠及北爱尔兰)联合王国的;英国的;英国人的   n. 联合王国人民;(统称)英国人
3 kowtow: US: [ˈkaʊˌtaʊ] UK: [ˌkaʊˈtaʊ]  v. 磕头;叩头;卑躬屈膝;唯命是从
4 expression: US: [ɪkˈspreʃ(ə)n]  UK: [ɪk’spreʃ(ə)n]  n. 表达;表情;说法;压榨
5 spelling: US: [ˈspelɪŋ]   UK: [‘spelɪŋ]  n. 拼写;拼法;拼写能力
6 elevator: US: [ˈeləˌveɪtər]  UK: [ˈeləveɪtə(r)]  n. 电梯;升降机
7 pronunciation: US: [prəˌnʌnsiˈeɪʃ(ə)n]  UK: [prə.nʌnsi’eɪʃ(ə)n]   n. 发音;读音;(某人的)发音
8 as well: 也;同样
9 cent: US: [sent]  UK: [sent]  n. 分(辅币单位,相当于许多国家主币面值的 1%,如美元或欧元的 1%)
10 cookbook: US: [ˈkʊkˌbʊk]  UK: [‘kʊkbʊk]  n. 食谱;菜谱
11 all the time: 始终;〔美国〕总是
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